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Canadian beef herd declines

On Aug. 21, 2014, Statistics Canada released its Livestock Estimates, July 1, 2014, report which detailed cattle, hog and sheep inventories in Canada ( That same day USDA-NASS released the United States and Canadian Cattle and the United States and Canadian Hogs reports (

The July 1 U.S. cattle inventory numbers were also previously released by NASS on July 24 in the Cattle report. Those numbers have been discussed in previous In The Cattle Market columns. Unfortunately, due to budget restrictions, the 2013 July report was not released. So year over year comparisons in the U.S. were not possible and comparisons must be with July 2012. In summary, NASS reported that all cattle and calves in the U.S. as of July 1, 2014, totaled 95 million head, 3 percent below the 97.8 million on July 1, 2012. Beef cows, at 29.7 million, were down 2.5% from 2012, and beef replacement heifers, at 4.1 million, were down 2.4%. The feeder cattle supply outside feedlots was down over 3% from 2012. The 2014 calf crop is expected to be 33.6 million head, down 1% from 2013 and down 2% from 2012.

All cattle and calves in Canada on July 1, 2014, totaled 13.33 million head; which was down 1.4% from the 13.52M recorded on both July 1, 2013, and 2012. Beef cows at 3.922M were 1% lower than 2013. Beef cow numbers had increased slightly in July of 2012 and 2013, so continued interest in beef herd rebuilding waned. That is consistent with beef cow replacements which increased 6.7% in 2011 to 640M head and maintained close to that in 2012 and 2013. However, on July 1, 2014, beef replacements fell 3.6% to 616M.

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